3rd century BC – 4th century BC
Roman Art – Heroes from Another World
In the centuries before Christ, the Romans overtook the Etruscan civilization and collected their Hellenistic-influenced culture in order to reinvent themselves. The arts continued to flourish, and so did visual art with them. To this day, Pompeii and Herculaneum are proof of the growing empire’s cultural prosperity with their powerful columns and statues, and their magnificent mosaics and frescoes. The cultural influences from their oriental neighbors, and especially from the Greeks, can clearly be seen in Roman architecture and paintings. The Romans not only copied techniques, but also some of the content: Achilles, Dionysus, Amor – to name just a few of the gods and heroes who can be traced back to Greek mythology.